Disadvantages of Removable Dentures

Patients missing one or more teeth in one area of the mouth have a few options available to them to restore their smile including dental implants, a fixed bridge, or a removable partial denture. Each restoration works to restore the function and aesthetics of your mouth but depending on your individual needs and lifestyle, one may be better than another.

Dental implants tend to be the overall better option for patients who can tolerate the process and can afford treatment. Implants are more stable than other options since the implants are surgically placed directly into the jaw bone. The implant acts as an artificial tooth root and keeps the restoration stable and secure. Implants help support bone health as they stimulate bone regeneration and prevent resorption of the jaw bone.

Patients that cannot have dental implants still have great options with a fixed bridge or a partial denture. A fixed bridge is a number of fake teeth with a crown on each side that is affixed to the adjacent teeth to fill the space. A partial denture is just like a bridge but it is not fixed in place. Instead, the partial fixes two attachments that are on each tooth neighboring the space to be filled.

What are the disadvantages of a removable partial denture?

A removable partial denture is a great option and is a less invasive treatment with a lower cost than other replacement options. Depending on the material used to fabricate your partial, additional teeth may eventually be added if necessary. Some disadvantage of a removable partial denture include:

* Bone loss at the site of the partial
* Damage to the anchoring teeth
* Increased plaque buildup on anchoring teeth
* Must be removed for sleeping
* Does not function as well as a fixed restoration


How do I care for my removable partial denture?

Oral hygiene with a removable partial denture is essentially the same as always, there are just a few extra steps! Your gum tissue and the anchoring teeth need a break so it is important to remove your partial every night. When you take it out, rise it to remove any loose food particles and use a soft-bristled toothbrush with denture paste or a nonabrasive toothpaste to clean your partial thoroughly. Overnight, store your partial and clean water in a safe place where it will not get broken or knocked off of a counter overnight.

It is very important to floss very well around the anchoring teeth since there is an increased risk of tooth decay where the partial attaches. When you brush your teeth, make sure to give your gum tissue a nice massage with your toothbrush while you have your partial out. It may be beneficial to start using oral care products containing fluoride to help prevent tooth decay and additional tooth loss.

In the morning when you place your partial back into your mouth, use your fingers to see it properly, don't bite down on it to snap it into place. This can cause undue stress on the clasps and they can break!

Be sure to continue with regular dental visits for professional cleanings and exams to keep your mouth healthy and keep your partial denture in good shape. If you are considering a removable partial denture, speak with your dentist to see if it is a good treatment option for you. A nice partial denture can bring back your smile to a healthy, beautiful state.

Sleeping with temporary dentures